Performance and Emission of B100 Biodiesel with Various Additives in Direct Injection Diesel Engine

Authors

  • Cheah Yi Linn Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Zul Ilham Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.80.1.2436

Keywords:

Biodiesel, B100, additives, heat release rate

Abstract

Alternative fuels for diesel engines have become highly important in the automotive industry due to the depleting fossil fuel sources and increased environmental concerns. Biodiesel fuel has a good combustion characteristic because of their long-chain hydrocarbon structure but the higher density and viscosity of the fuel can contribute to several engine problems such as low atomization, carbon deposit formation and injector clogging. The production of biodiesel with additives can help with the performance and emissions of diesel engines. There are many types of additives on the market but the extent of the additives on engine performance is unknown and lack of research has been done in studying the performance, emissions and fuel consumption together with B100 biodiesel. In this research, there are five types of B100 palm oil methyl ester biodiesel with various additive compositions need to be identified. The density, viscosity and calorific value of biodiesel samples were measured to study the thermo-physical properties as a simulation input. Simulation of the combustion engine is conducted using CONVERGE CFD software; based on single-cylinder, direct injection, YANMAR TF90 diesel engine parameters to study on the combustion characteristics and exhaust emissions. The simulation results were compared with the experiment results. From the simulations, biodiesel with diethyl ester and n-butanol additives give better results compared to other additives because the present of n-butanol PME is believed to reduce CO, CO2 and NOx emissions while diethyl ether can improve the spray characteristics when it blends with B100 biodiesel due to its low density and viscosity.

References

Imtenan, Sayeed, H. H. Masjuki, Mahendra Varman, M. A. Kalam, M. I. Arbab, H. Sajjad, and SM Ashrafur Rahman. "Impact of oxygenated additives to palm and jatropha biodiesel blends in the context of performance and emissions characteristics of a light-duty diesel engine." Energy Conversion and Management 83 (2014): 149-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.03.052

Khalid, Amir, Shahrul Azmir Osman, M. Jaat, Norrizal Mustaffa, Siti Mariam Basharie, and Bukhari Manshoor. "Performance and emissions characteristics of diesel engine fuelled by biodiesel derived from palm oil." In Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 315, pp. 517-522. Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2013. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.315.517

Fangsuwannarak, Karoon, and Kittichai Triratanasirichai. "Effect of metalloid compound and bio-solution additives on biodiesel engine performance and exhaust emissions." American journal of applied sciences 10, no. 10 (2013): 1201. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2013.1201.1213

Lapuerta, Magín, Octavio Armas, Juan José Hernández, and Athanasios Tsolakis. "Potential for reducing emissions in a diesel engine by fuelling with conventional biodiesel and Fischer–Tropsch diesel." Fuel 89, no. 10 (2010): 3106-3113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2010.05.013

Monirul, I. M., H. H. Masjuki, M. A. Kalam, M. H. Mosarof, N. W. M. Zulkifli, Y. H. Teoh, and H. G. How. "Assessment of performance, emission and combustion characteristics of palm, jatropha and Calophyllum inophyllum biodiesel blends." Fuel 181 (2016): 985-995. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2016.05.010

Yilmaz, Nadir, and Byron Morton. "Effects of preheating vegetable oils on performance and emission characteristics of two diesel engines." Biomass and Bioenergy 35, no. 5 (2011): 2028-2033. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.01.052

Gomma MGG, Alimin AJ, and Kamarudin KA. "Trade-off between NOx and Smoke Emissions Using EGR for a C.I Engine Fuelled with Jatropha Biodiesel Blends." Journal of Applied Sciences 11, no. 11 (2010): 1987-1993. https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2011.1987.1993

Xue, Jinlin, Tony E. Grift, and Alan C. Hansen. "Effect of biodiesel on engine performances and emissions." Renewable and Sustainable energy reviews 15, no. 2 (2011): 1098-1116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.11.016

Ali, Obed M., Rizalman Mamat, and Che Ku M. Faizal. "Review of the effects of additives on biodiesel properties, performance, and emission features." Journal of renewable and sustainable energy 5, no. 1 (2013): 012701. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4792846

Taib, Norhidayah Mat, Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor, Wan Mohd Faizal Wan Mahmood, Fais Ahmad Shah, and Nik Rosli Nik Abdullah. "Investigation of diesel-ethanol blended fuel properties with palm methyl ester as co-solvent and blends enhancer." In MATEC Web of Conferences, vol. 90, p. 01080. EDP Sciences, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20179001080

Swaminathan, C., and J. Sarangan. "Performance and exhaust emission characteristics of a CI engine fueled with biodiesel (fish oil) with DEE as additive." biomass and bioenergy 39 (2012): 168-174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2012.01.001

Fang, Qiang, Junhua Fang, Jian Zhuang, and Zhen Huang. "Effects of ethanol–diesel–biodiesel blends on combustion and emissions in premixed low temperature combustion." Applied Thermal Engineering 54, no. 2 (2013): 541-548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2013.01.042

Sukjit, E., Jose Martin Herreros, J. Piaszyk, K. D. Dearn, and A. Tsolakis. "Finding synergies in fuels properties for the design of renewable fuels–Hydroxylated biodiesel effects on butanol-diesel blends." Environmental science & technology 47, no. 7 (2013): 3535-3542. https://doi.org/10.1021/es400131j

Altun, Sehmus, Cengiz Oner, Fevzi Yasar, and Hamit Adin. "Effect of n-butanol blending with a blend of diesel and biodiesel on performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine." Industrial & engineering chemistry research 50, no. 15 (2011): 9425-9430. https://doi.org/10.1021/ie201023f

Khan, Iftikhar Ahmed, S. K. Singh, Ashok Kumar Yadav, Uttam Ghosh, and Durgesh Sharma. "Enhancement in the performance of a diesel engine fuelled with Pongamia methyl ester and n-butanol as oxygenated additive." International Journal of Ambient Energy 40, no. 8 (2019): 842-846. https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2018.1437559

Guarieiro, Lílian Lefol Nani, Egídio Teixeira de Almeida Guerreiro, Keize Katiane dos Santos Amparo, Victor Bonfim Manera, Ana Carla D. Regis, Aldenor Gomes Santos, Vitor P. Ferreira, Danilo J. Leão, Ednildo A. Torres, and Jailson B. de Andrade. "Assessment of the use of oxygenated fuels on emissions and performance of a diesel engine." Microchemical Journal 117 (2014): 94-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2014.06.004

Sezer, Ismet. "Thermodynamic, performance and emission investigation of a diesel engine running on dimethyl ether and diethyl ether." International Journal of Thermal Sciences 50, no. 8 (2011): 1594-1603. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2011.03.021

Puhan, Sukumar, N. Saravanan, G. Nagarajan, and N. Vedaraman. "Effect of biodiesel unsaturated fatty acid on combustion characteristics of a DI compression ignition engine." Biomass and Bioenergy 34, no. 8 (2010): 1079-1088. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.02.017

Taib, Norhidayah Mat, Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor, W. M. F. W. Mahmood, and Nik Rosli Abdullah. "Simulation study of combustion characteristics of diesel-ethanol-palm oil methyl ester blends in diesel engine." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 44, no. 1 (2018): 149-156.

Mat Taib, Norhidayah, Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor, and Wan Mohd Faizal Wan Mahmood. "Modification of a Direct Injection Diesel Engine in Improving the Ignitability and Emissions of Diesel–Ethanol–Palm Oil Methyl Ester Blends." Energies 12, no. 14 (2019): 2644. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12142644

Downloads

Published

2021-01-31

How to Cite

Cheah Yi Linn, Abu Mansor, M. R., & Zul Ilham. (2021). Performance and Emission of B100 Biodiesel with Various Additives in Direct Injection Diesel Engine. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 80(1), 24–36. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.80.1.2436

Issue

Section

Articles