Investigation of The Effect Biodiesel-Butanol-Water Fuel Blend Pressure on A Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine

Authors

  • Erdiwansyah Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Serambi Mekkah, Banda Aceh 23245, Indonesia
  • Mahidin Department of Chemical Engineering, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Ahmad Fitri Yusop Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Zaki Research Center for Environmental and Natural Resources, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Rizalman Mamat Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Muhibbuddin Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Ratna Eko Sardjono Department of Chemistry, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung 40154, Indonesia
  • Nor Azwadi Che Sidik Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology (MJIIT), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Semarak, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Husni Husin Department of Chemical Engineering, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.79.2.3947

Keywords:

Combustion, Alcohol blend, Diesel engine, Butanol, Water

Abstract

Energy demand from the community, which continues to increase has resulted in depletion of petroleum (fossil) energy in recent years. Many researchers have sought to find alternative fuels to replace dependence on conventional energy. The mixing of alcohol into diesel fuel has also been carried out by several previous researchers. The main focus of this research is to investigate the combustion performance of diesel engines using a mixture of biodiesel-butanol-water and diesel (B5Bu5W5). This research experiment used a single-cylinder diesel engine with different speeds at 25% and 50% engine load. The experimental results show that the maximum cylinder pressure reaches 72.32 bar when the engine load reaches 50%. While at 25% engine load press the maximum cylinder 33.62 bar. The heat dissipation for 50% engine load is also higher than the engine load 25% respectively 34.39% and 33.62%. Overall results show that cylinder pressure increases when the load and engine speed increase. However, the combustion time is a little slower than when using pure diesel fuel.

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Published

2021-01-13

How to Cite

Erdiwansyah, Mahidin, Yusop, A. F., Muhammad Zaki, Mamat, R., Muhibbuddin, Sardjono, R. E., Che Sidik, N. A., & Husni Husin. (2021). Investigation of The Effect Biodiesel-Butanol-Water Fuel Blend Pressure on A Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 79(2), 39–47. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.79.2.3947

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