Physics-Chemical Analysis on The Surface and Ground Water: A Case Study in Aceh Province

Authors

  • Mariana Research Center for Environmental and Natural Resources, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • M. Zaki Research Center for Environmental and Natural Resources, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Mahidin Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Asri Gani Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Rusdi Remote Sensing and Cartography Lab, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Zahratul Idami Faculty of Law, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • M. E. R. Karmel Department of Mining Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Edy Miswar Department of Utilization of Fishery Resources, Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia
  • Erdiwansyah Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Serambi Mekkah, Banda Aceh 23245, Indonesia
  • M. Nasir Department of Biology, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Ichwana Department of Agricultural Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Nasrullah Graduate School of Environmental Management, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Ali Afwanudin Research Center for Environmental and Natural Resources, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Safarul Aufa Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Indonesia (STIEI), Banda Aceh 23244, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.78.2.132142

Keywords:

Surface water, Ground water, Physics-chemical, Heavy metals, Aceh Province

Abstract

Environment is a habitat for all living things in the universe. Therefore, it must be preserved, especially on the surface and ground water. Environmental pollution in almost all over the world recently has been in a very alarming level. The main focus of this paper is to analyze the level of pollution on the surface and ground water that is influenced by industrial activities and other human activities. The method used in this research is field and laboratory investigations, and the material analyzed is the surface water and ground water samples. The analysis shows that industrial activities and human activities carried out so far correlated to the occurrence of pollution on the surface and ground water. The analysis showed that the heavy metal Ph at the highest water level of 0.01 mg/L was recorded in Lhokseumawe City. While the highest heavy metal Ph was also found in Lhokseumawe City by 0.0076 mg/L. The results of the analysis of heavy metals in groundwater analyzed at the three locations show that Lhokseumawe City is also the highest with 0.0076 mg/L compared to Bireuen and Aceh Utara District. While Aceh Utara District has the highest pollution for heavy metals Pb of 0.004 mg/L. Thus, there needs to be a supervision in active industries so that environmental pollution can always be stable in the future.

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Published

2020-12-14

How to Cite

Mariana, M. Zaki, Mahidin, Gani, A., Rusdi, M., Idami, Z., Karmel, M. E. R., Miswar, E., Erdiwansyah, M. Nasir, Ichwana, Nasrullah, Afwanudin, A., & Aufa, S. (2020). Physics-Chemical Analysis on The Surface and Ground Water: A Case Study in Aceh Province. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 78(2), 132–142. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.78.2.132142

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