Experimental Investigation on The Wake Effect of Crossflow Wind Turbines
Keywords:wind energy, VAWT, crossflow wind turbine, aligned configuration, wake effect
An optimal design of an aligned configuration using a vertical axis wind turbine especially a crossflow wind turbine to increase rate and power production is one of the problems in wind energy. In the present work, an experimental investigation is presented to evaluate the impact of the wake effect on the dynamic performance of an aligned configuration and compared characteristics of the crossflow wind turbine for 12 x 12 number of blades. In arrays, the spacing parameters of the crossflow wind turbines were conducted with three different spacings (1D; 2D; and 3D) where a crossflow wind turbine was operating downstream of a co-rotating pair. The crossflow wind turbines arranged in inline configurations. Experiments were carried out in a closed-circuit WT-30 aerodynamic laboratory wind tunnel in a ratio velocity of 7.51 m/s. Measurement data of each wind turbines were reported in terms of dimensionless power coefficient (CP) and torque coefficients (CT) for dynamic performance analysis. The experimental results were aligned configuration spacing and the number of blades affects enhancement aerodynamic performance of the downstream crossflow wind turbines. The best performance turbine spacings in aligned configurations are 3D. Wind flow has a distance to be streamlined.