Characterization of Crude Palm Oil (CPO), Corn Oil and Waste Cooking Oil for Biodiesel Production

Authors

  • Siti Nurul Akmal Yusof Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Siti Mariam Basharie Centre for Diploma Studies, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, EDU Hab Pagoh, 84600 Johor, Malaysia
  • Nor Azwadi Che Sidik Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Yutaka Asako Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Saiful Bahri Mohamed School of Manufacturing Technology, Faculty of Innovative Design and Technology, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, 21300 Terengganu, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.86.2.136146

Keywords:

Biodiesel, transesterification process, esterification process, free fatty acids

Abstract

Biodiesel production is the reaction of raw oils with mixing and heating within catalyst and methanol. The raw oils usually come from vegetable oils and animal fats. Vegetable oils are a promising feedstock for biodiesel production since they are renewable in nature. Nevertheless, the physical properties of biodiesel pose some acute problems when used in an unmodified engine. It is important to diesel and biodiesels because it impacts components such as the fuel pump. Therefore, this paper intends to investigate the properties of biodiesel samples in terms of viscosity, density, flash point and acid values at different bio lipids and different mixing time. The evaluation is carried out on the three types of biodiesels: crude oil, crude palm oil, corn oil, and waste cooking oil. Methanol was chosen over the others for the transesterification process because it was cheaper. The esterification process, which reduces the amount of free fatty acids in the crude oil, will be performed with the help of an acid catalyst. Alkaline catalysts, in contrast, are used for the transesterification process. The comparison of all the samples shows that CPO is the better biodiesel than the other due to the physical properties of kinematic viscosity, density and flashpoint.

Author Biographies

Siti Nurul Akmal Yusof, Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

sitinurulakmalyusof@gmail.com

Siti Mariam Basharie, Centre for Diploma Studies, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, EDU Hab Pagoh, 84600 Johor, Malaysia

mariam@uthm.edu.my

Nor Azwadi Che Sidik, Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

azwadi@utm.my

Yutaka Asako, Department of Mechanical Precision Engineering, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

y.asako@utm.my

Saiful Bahri Mohamed, School of Manufacturing Technology, Faculty of Innovative Design and Technology, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, 21300 Terengganu, Malaysia

saifulbahri@unisza.edu.my

Downloads

Published

2021-08-28

How to Cite

Yusof, S. N. A., Basharie, S. M. ., Che Sidik, N. A. ., Yutaka Asako, & Mohamed, S. B. . (2021). Characterization of Crude Palm Oil (CPO), Corn Oil and Waste Cooking Oil for Biodiesel Production. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 86(2), 136–146. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.86.2.136146

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2 3 > >>