Study On the Potentiality of Power Generation from Exhaust Air Energy Recovery Wind Turbine: A Review

Authors

  • Ainaa Maya Munira Ismail Department of Thermofluids, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Johor Branch Pasir Gudang Campus, 81750 Bandar Seri Alam, Johor, Malaysia
  • Zurriati Mohd Ali Department of Thermofluids, School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Kamariah Md Isa Department of Thermofluids, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Johor Branch Pasir Gudang Campus, 81750 Bandar Seri Alam, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Abdullah Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Johor Branch Pasir Gudang Campus, 81750 Bandar Seri Alam, Johor, Malaysia
  • Fazila Mohd Zawawi Department of Thermofluids, School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.87.3.148171

Keywords:

Low-Carbon Energy, Economic Renewable Energy Resources, Power Generation, Exhaust Air Energy Recovery Wind Turbine

Abstract

Presently the worldwide lockdown from Covid-19 give a huge effect on different sectors across the board, notably on energy consumption. Lockdowns have fuelled the intensification of low-carbon resources in terms of electricity production, yet a drastic upswing in electricity use in residential districts during the pandemic. By exploring economic renewable energy resources, the world is trying to overcome the crisis and one of them is wind energy, where this sustainable energy system is highly demanded, thus reducing global CO2 emissions. Researchers have carried out several findings on wind energy obtained from wind turbines at various potential locations, but most of it used natural sources as a wind stream. Therefore, a revolutionary concept on extracting clean energy from manufactured wind resources with wind turbine system for power generation is introduced in recent studies. The main goal of this review paper is to emphasize the performances of power generation through Exhaust Air Energy Recovery Wind Turbine. The potentiality of wind extractions is reviewed to achieve the clear overview of this new progressive ideas and the important configurations is accentuated. Most findings indicated that this energy recovery device converts wasted energy to a more profitable form by converting it to electricity, resulting in a rapid return on investment. Moreover, the enclosing the output area of wind turbines for recovering energy enhances overall efficiency.

Author Biographies

Ainaa Maya Munira Ismail, Department of Thermofluids, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Johor Branch Pasir Gudang Campus, 81750 Bandar Seri Alam, Johor, Malaysia

ainaaismail@ymail.com

Zurriati Mohd Ali, Department of Thermofluids, School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

zurriati@gmail.com

Kamariah Md Isa, Department of Thermofluids, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Johor Branch Pasir Gudang Campus, 81750 Bandar Seri Alam, Johor, Malaysia

ev_01olution@yahoo.com

Mohammad Abdullah, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Johor Branch Pasir Gudang Campus, 81750 Bandar Seri Alam, Johor, Malaysia

moham3767@uitm.edu.my

Fazila Mohd Zawawi, Department of Thermofluids, School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia

fazila@mail.fkm.utm.my

References

Kumara, E. A. D., Nandita Hettiarachchi, and Rukshan Jayathilake. "Overview of the vertical axis wind turbines." International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology 4, no. 8 (2017): 56-67.

Simatupang, Joni Welman, and Kristiantho Sulistiohadi. "Portable Wind Turbine for Energy Recharging Device Applications." Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering 1, no. 1 (2016): 19-24.

Gad, H. E., A. A. Abd El-Hamid, W. A. El-Askary, and M. H. Nasef. "A new design of Savonius wind turbine: numerical study." CFD Letters 6, no. 4 (2014): 144-158.

Rozaim, Muhammad Faiz, Fazila Mohd Zawawi, Nur Safwati Mohd Nor, Haslinda Mohamed Kamar, and Nazri Kamsah. "Experimental study on performance of low speed wind turbine for application in Malaysia." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 26, no. 1 (2016): 20-28.

Ho, Lip-Wah. "Wind energy in Malaysia: Past, present and future." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 53 (2016): 279-295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.08.054

Chong, W. T., M. S. Naghavi, S. C. Poh, T. M. I. Mahlia, and K. C. Pan. "Techno-economic analysis of a wind-solar hybrid renewable energy system with rainwater collection feature for urban high-rise application." Applied Energy 88, no. 11 (2011): 4067-4077. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.04.042

Venkatramakrishnan, Sri Ragunath, Jitendra K. Pandey, Amit Kumar Mondal, and Ashish Karn. "Low Speed Wind Turbines for Power Generation: A Review." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 67, no. 1 (2020): 146-169.

Tummala, Abhishiktha, Ratna Kishore Velamati, Dipankur Kumar Sinha, V. Indraja, and V. Hari Krishna. "A review on small scale wind turbines." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 56 (2016): 1351-1371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.027

Shivsharan, Bhimrao A., Pramod B. Magade, Shrirang Chavan, and Sushilkumar Magade. "A Review Paper on Vehicle Mounted Wind Turbine." Journal of Seybold Report 15, no. 7 (2020): 740-747.

Paulides, J. J. H., L. Encica, J. W. Jansen, E. A. Lomonova, and D. Van Wijck. "Small-scale urban venturi wind turbine: Direct-drive generator." In 2009 IEEE International Electric Machines and Drives Conference, pp. 1368-1373. IEEE, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1109/IEMDC.2009.5075381

Roselli, Carlo, Maurizio Sasso, and Francesco Tariello. "A Wind Electric-Driven Combined Heating, Cooling, and Electricity System for an Office Building in Two Italian Cities." Energies 13, no. 4 (2020): 895. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13040895

Alnoman, Ali Abdulnaser. "A Review on Wind Turbines Proposed for the City of Erbil-Iraq." Open Access-Renewable Energy (2013): 3-7.

Eseosa, Omorogiuwa, and Uchechikwu Woke. "A comprehensive review on performance evaluation of a mini wind turbine for electricity generation." International Journal of Emerging Engineering Research and Technology 7, no. 10 (2019): 30-40.

Islam, Syed M., Chem V. Nayar, Ahmed Abu-Siada, and Md Mubashwar Hasan. "Power Electronics for Renewable Energy Sources." In Power Electronics Handbook, pp. 783-827. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-811407-0.00027-1

Yang, Zhongzhou. "Wind turbine controls for farm and offshore operation." PhD diss., The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2013.

Shamsoddin, Sina, and Fernando Porté-Agel. "Large eddy simulation of vertical axis wind turbine wakes." Energies 7, no. 2 (2014): 890-912. https://doi.org/10.3390/en7020890

Gudela, Meher Dev, and Ajit Karnik. "Design of a Vertical Axis Micro Wind Turbine to Re-Use Foul Air through an Exhaust Fan." International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) 7, no. 6 (2020): 1956-1961.

Chaklasiya, S. H., R. R. Saxena, and P. V. Ramana. "Review on Performance Evaluation of Helical Savonius Wind Turbine." International Journal of Scientific Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 4, no. 1 (2018): 1464-1471.

Talur, Suresh, Kiran Kumar P., and T. Madhusudhan. "Review Paper of Savonius Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Rotor Blade." International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) 5, no. 2 (2015): 7-14.

Kurniawan, Yudi, Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija Tjahjana, and Budi Santoso. "Experimental Study of Savonius Wind Turbine Performance with Blade Layer Addition." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 69, no. 1 (2020): 23-33. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.69.1.2333

Al-Ghriybah, Mohanad, Mohd Fadhli Zulkafli, Djamal Hissein Didane, and Sofian Mohd. "Review of the recent power augmentation techniques for the Savonius wind turbines." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 60, no. 1 (2019): 71-84.

Kumar, Anurag, and Alok Nikhade. "Hybrid kinetic turbine rotors: A review." International Journal of Engineering Science & Advanced Technology 4, no. 6 (2014): 453-463.

Patel, Mayank D., and Tushar P. Gundarneeya. "Performance Analysis of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine with Comparison of CFD and Experimental Analysis." International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering 1, no. 5 (2014): 36-44.

Wang, Tongguang. "A brief review on wind turbine aerodynamics." Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Letters 2, no. 6 (2012): 062001. https://doi.org/10.1063/2.1206201

Sohoni, Vaishali, S. C. Gupta, and R. K. Nema. "A critical review on wind turbine power curve modelling techniques and their applications in wind based energy systems." Journal of Energy 2016 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/8519785

Bui, Duong Minh, and Wim JC Melis. "Micro wind turbines for energy gathering in build up areas." International Journal of Sustainable Energy Development (IJSED) 2, no. 2 (2013): 105-114. https://doi.org/10.20533/ijsed.2046.3707.2013.0016

Pertiwi, Sarah Islamiati, Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija Tjahjana, and Sukmaji Indro Cahyono. "Experimental Study the Effect of Turbine Distance on Cross Flow Wind Turbine Performance in In-Line Configuration with Counter-Rotating Wind Turbine." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 71, no. 1 (2020): 92-99. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.71.1.9299

Santoso, Budi, Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija Tjahjana, and Purwadi Joko Widodo. "Performance Evaluation of Axial Flow Wind Turbine Integrated with The Condenser." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 76, no. 3 (2020): 85-91. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.76.3.8591

Sharpe, Tim, and Gordon Proven. "Crossflex: Concept and early development of a true building integrated wind turbine." Energy and Buildings 42, no. 12 (2010): 2365-2375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2010.07.032

De Santoli, Livio, Angelo Albo, Davide Astiaso Garcia, Daniele Bruschi, and Fabrizio Cumo. "A preliminary energy and environmental assessment of a micro wind turbine prototype in natural protected areas." Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments 8 (2014): 42-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2014.07.002

Natili, Francesco, Francesco Castellani, and Davide Astolfi. "Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Small Scale Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine in Yawed Conditions." In Conference of the Italian Association of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, pp. 285-298. Springer, Cham, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-41057-5_24

Shen, Wen Zhong, Vinod Arun Kumar Zakkam, Jens Nørkær Sørensen, and Kari Appa. "Analysis of counter-rotating wind turbines." In Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 75, no. 1, p. 012003. IOP Publishing, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/75/1/012003

Dragomirescu, A. "Performance assessment of a small wind turbine with crossflow runner by numerical simulations." Renewable Energy 36, no. 3 (2011): 957-965. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2010.07.028

Xudong, Wang, Wen Zhong Shen, Wei Jun Zhu, Jens Nørkær Sørensen, and Chen Jin. "Shape optimization of wind turbine blades." Wind Energy: An International Journal for Progress and Applications in Wind Power Conversion Technology 12, no. 8 (2009): 781-803. https://doi.org/10.1002/we.335

Vishwakarma, Pradeep, and Arun Singh Patel. "Aerodynamic Design and Study of Wind Turbine Blade Aerofoil." International Research Journal of Engineering & Applied Sciences 6, no. 1 (2018): 15-20.

Micallef, Daniel, and Gerard Van Bussel. "A review of urban wind energy research: aerodynamics and other challenges." Energies 11, no. 9 (2018): 2204. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092204

Carriveau, Rupp, ed. Fundamental and advanced topics in wind power. BoD-Books on Demand, 2011. https://doi.org/10.5772/731

Spera, David A. "Models of lift and drag coefficients of stalled and unstalled airfoils in wind turbines and wind tunnels." Jacobs Technology Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, 2008.

Oukassou, Karim, Sanaa El Mouhsine, Abdellah El Hajjaji, and Bousselham Kharbouch. "Comparison of the power, lift and drag coefficients of wind turbine blade from aerodynamics characteristics of Naca0012 and Naca2412." Procedia Manufacturing 32 (2019): 983-990. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2019.02.312

Ronsten, Göran. "Static pressure measurements on a rotating and a non-rotating 2.375 m wind turbine blade. Comparison with 2D calculations." Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 39, no. 1-3 (1992): 105-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-6105(92)90537-K

Tangler, James, and David Kocurek. "Wind turbine post-stall airfoil performance characteristics guidelines for blade-element momentum methods." In 43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, p. 591. 2005. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2005-591

Thumthae, Chalothorn, and Tawit Chitsomboon. "Optimal angle of attack for untwisted blade wind turbine." Renewable Energy 34, no. 5 (2009): 1279-1284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2008.09.017

Zhong, Wei, Wen Zhong Shen, Tong Guang Wang, and Wei Jun Zhu. "A new method of determination of the angle of attack on rotating wind turbine blades." Energies 12, no. 20 (2019): 4012. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12204012

Maeda, T., and G. Schepers. "Wind turbine performance assessment and knowledge management for aerodynamic behaviour modelling and design: IEA experience." In Wind Energy Systems, pp. 350-365. Woodhead Publishing, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857090638.3.350

Gallant, T. E., and D. A. Johnson. "In-blade angle of attack measurement and comparison with models." In Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 753, no. 7, p. 072007. IOP Publishing, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/753/7/072007

Fazlizan, Ahmad, Wen Tong Chong, Sook Yee Yip, Wooi Ping Hew, and Sin Chew Poh. "Design and experimental analysis of an exhaust air energy recovery wind turbine generator." Energies 8, no. 7 (2015): 6566-6584. https://doi.org/10.3390/en8076566

Ahmad, Syed Amjad, Muzammal Mobeen, Zanjbeel, and Mubasher Ikram. "Experimental Study of Exhaust System of Cooling Tower using VAWT." European Journal of Advances in Engineering and Technology 4, no. 2 (2017): 110-114.

Stanford III, Herbert W. "-Cooling Tower Fundamentals." In HVAC Water Chillers and Cooling Towers, pp. 152-165. CRC Press, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1201/b11510-13

Bhatia, A. "Cooling Water Systems - An Overview of Cooling Towers." PDHonline Course M121, 2012.

Afshari, Faraz, and Heydar Dehghanpour. "A Review Study On Cooling Towers; Types, Performance and Application." ALKÜ Fen Bilimleri Dergisi (2019): 1-10.

Chong, W. T., S. C. Poh, A. Fazlizan, S. Y. Yip, C. K. Chang, and W. P. Hew. "Early development of an energy recovery wind turbine generator for exhaust air system." Applied Energy 112 (2013): 568-575. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.01.042

Miqdad, M., S. R. Abbas, S. Shahnawaz, S. Ahmed, and S. S. Ali. "A Novel Wind Turbine Design for Electrical Power Generation." Trends in Bioinformatics 9 (2016): 59-64. https://doi.org/10.3923/tb.2016.59.64

Tong, Chong Wen, Poh Sin Chew, Ahmad Fazlizan Abdullah, Oon Cheen Sean, and Tiah Chai Ching. "Exhaust air and wind energy recovery system for clean energy generation." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Environment and Industrial Innovation, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 4-5. 2011.

Tabatabaeikia, Seyedsaeed, Nik Nazri Bin Nik Ghazali, Wen Tong Chong, Behzad Shahizare, Nima Izadyar, Alireza Esmaeilzadeh, and Ahmad Fazlizan. "Computational and experimental optimization of the exhaust air energy recovery wind turbine generator." Energy Conversion and Management 126 (2016): 862-874. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2016.08.039

Chong, W. T., A. Fazlizan, S. C. Poh, K. C. Pan, W. P. Hew, and F. B. Hsiao. "The design, simulation and testing of an urban vertical axis wind turbine with the omni-direction-guide-vane." Applied Energy 112 (2013): 601-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.12.064

Chong, Wen Tong, Sin Chew Poh, Ahmad Fazlizan, Sook Yee Yip, Mei Hyie Koay, and Wooi Ping Hew. "Exhaust air energy recovery system for electrical power generation in future green cities." International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing 14, no. 6 (2013): 1029-1035. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-013-0138-3

Chong, Wen Tong, Ahmad Fazlizan, Sin Chew Poh, Sook Yee Yip, and Wooi Ping Hew. "The design and testing of an exhaust air energy recovery wind turbine generator." In World Renewable Energy Forum, WREF, pp. 2721-2727. 2012.

Poh, S. C., S. Y. Sim, W. T. Chong, A. Fazlizan, S. Y. Yip, W. P. Hew, W. Z. W. Omar, and Z. M. Zain. "Computational fluid dynamics simulation of the effect of guide-vane angles on the performance of the exhaust air energy recovery turbine generator." Energy Procedia 61 (2014): 1286-1289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.1082

Chong, Wen Tong, S. Y. Yip, A. Fazlizan, Sin Chew Poh, Wooi Ping Hew, Ee Peng Tan, and T. S. Lim. "Design of an exhaust air energy recovery wind turbine generator for energy conservation in commercial buildings." Renewable Energy 67 (2014): 252-256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2013.11.028

Chong, W. T., W. P. Hew, S. Y. Yip, A. Fazlizan, S. C. Poh, C. J. Tan, and H. C. Ong. "The experimental study on the wind turbine's guide-vanes and diffuser of an exhaust air energy recovery system integrated with the cooling tower." Energy Conversion and Management 87 (2014): 145-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.07.009

Tabatabaeikia, Seyedsaeed, Nik Nazri Bin Nik-Ghazali, Wen Tong Chong, Behzad Shahizare, Ahmad Fazlizan, Alireza Esmaeilzadeh, and Nima Izadyar. "A comparative computational fluid dynamics study on an innovative exhaust air energy recovery wind turbine generator." Energies 9, no. 5 (2016): 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/en9050346

Yap, H. T., Z. C. Ong, W. T. Chong, K. K. Kong, S. Y. Khoo, Z. Ismail, and A. G. A. Rahman. "Design optimisation of shroud-augmented dual-rotor exhaust air energy recovery wind turbine generator using hybrid non-destructive evaluation approach." Energy Procedia 61 (2014): 1266-1269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.1077

Müller, Gerald, Mert Chavushoglu, Mark Kerri, and Toru Tsuzaki. "A resistance type vertical axis wind turbine for building integration." Renewable Energy 111 (2017): 803-814. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.05.017

Moorthy, K. Sathiya, S. P. S. S. Sivam, Prithvi Shivashankar, and S. Adithya. "Wind energy recovery from a cooling tower with the help of a wind turbine generator." Indian Journal of Science and Technology 9, no. 37 (2016). https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i37/94792

Oler, J. W., James H. Strickland, B. J. Im, and G. H. Graham. Dynamic-stall regulation of the Darrieus turbine. No. SAND-83-7029. Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 1983. https://doi.org/10.2172/5847876

Chauhan, Sonika, and Ravinder Singh. "Design of domestic helix vertical axis wind turbine to extract energy from exhaust fans." Innovative Systems Design and Engineering 5, no. 12 (2014): 23-28.

Downloads

Published

2021-10-04

How to Cite

Ismail, A. M. M., Mohd Ali, Z. ., Md Isa, K., Abdullah, M., & Mohd Zawawi, F. (2021). Study On the Potentiality of Power Generation from Exhaust Air Energy Recovery Wind Turbine: A Review. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 87(3), 148–171. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.87.3.148171

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)