Experimental Study of Rigid and Flexible Tandem Wing for Micro Aerial Vehicle

Authors

  • Wan Mazlina Wan Mohamed Malaysia Institute of Transport (MITRANS), School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Azmi Ismail School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300, Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Ridzwan Ramli Advanced Mechanics Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Aliff Farhan Mohd Yamin Advanced Mechanics Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Koay Mei Hyie Advanced Mechanics Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
  • Hamid Yusoff Advanced Mechanics Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.85.2.3343

Keywords:

Lift Coefficient, Reynolds number, Angle of Attack

Abstract

Unmanned aerial vehicle is becoming increasingly popular each year. Now, aeronautical researchers are focusing on size minimization of unmanned aerial vehicle, especially drone and micro aerial vehicle. The lift coefficient of micro aerial vehicle has wing dimension of 12 cm and mass of less than 7 g. In the present study, with the aid of 3D printer, polylactic acid material was used to develop the micro aerial vehicle structure for tandem wing arrangement. The materials for rigid wing skin and flexible wing skin were laminating film and latex membrane, respectively.  The present work elaborates the lift coefficient profiles on rigid wing skin and flexible wing skin at wing flapping frequency of 11 Hz, three different Reynolds numbers of 14000, 19000 and 24000, and five different angles of attacks between 0° and 50°. According to the results obtained, the lift coefficient decreased as the Reynolds number increased. The lift coefficient increased up to 9 as the angle of attack increased from 0° to 50° at the Reynolds number of 14000 for flexible wing skin. The results also showed that the lift coefficient of flexible wing skin was higher than that of rigid wing skin at the attack angle of10° and below, except for the Reynolds number of 14000.  

Author Biographies

Wan Mazlina Wan Mohamed, Malaysia Institute of Transport (MITRANS), School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

wmazlina@uitm.edu.my

Mohd Azmi Ismail, School of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 14300, Nibong Tebal, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

azmi_meche@usm.my

Muhammad Ridzwan Ramli, Advanced Mechanics Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

ramliridzwan@gmail.com

Aliff Farhan Mohd Yamin , Advanced Mechanics Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

aliff.farhan6205@uitm.edu.my

Koay Mei Hyie, Advanced Mechanics Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

koay@uitm.edu.my

Hamid Yusoff , Advanced Mechanics Research Group, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang, 13500 Permatang Pauh, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

hamidyusoff@uitm.edu.my

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Published

2021-08-05

How to Cite

Wan Mohamed, W. M. ., Ismail, M. A., Ramli, M. R., Mohd Yamin , A. F., Koay Mei Hyie, & Yusoff , H. . (2021). Experimental Study of Rigid and Flexible Tandem Wing for Micro Aerial Vehicle. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 85(2), 33–43. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.85.2.3343

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