Investigation of Fresnel Lens Effect on Solar Panel Power Generation
Keywords:Solar Panel, Fresnel lens effect, Temperature, Power output
Solar panel power output can still be improved through various means. The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect on solar panel power generation due to Fresnel lens distance to the solar panel. The use of Fresnel lens is to magnify the light intensity from the sun to achieve higher solar collectability of solar panel which may increase power output. The Fresnel lens is to be positioned on top of the solar panel to concentrate the sunlight on to the solar panel. Voltages are measured by an electronic microcontroller with a 10-second interval while power output are determined by the product of voltage and load resistance connected to the solar panel. Immediate results were an instantaneous rise in voltage output but gradually decreasing with increase heat absorption in the solar panel. In the long run, voltage and power outputs were obtained at 0, 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 cm Fresnel lens distance to the solar panel where all results saw the reduction in voltage and power generation from the solar panel incorporated with Fresnel lens compared to one without due to high ambient temperature. Because of this, it is deemed unfeasible to use Fresnel lens for solar power generation in hot areas such as those with equatorial or tropical climate.
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