Effect of Temperature on The Performance of Naphtha and Kerosene as Viscosity Reduction Agents for Improving Flow Ability of Basrah-Iraq Heavy Crude Oil
Keywords:Temperature, drag reduction agent (DRA), crude oil, naphtha, kerosene
Naphtha and kerosene are mixed with Iraqi heavy crude oil at different concentrations rounded between (3-12) wt.%, in order to reduce viscosity to enhance its followability. This research investigated drag reduction (%Dr) in heavy oil mixtures at different flow rates (2 to 10 m3/hr) in temperature range 20-50C. The experimental results proved that Naphtha offered 40% reduction in pressure drop. The Power law model was adopted in this study to empirically correlate fiction factor (f) and the percentage of drag reduction(%Dr) from experimental data for Reynolds number range (534– 14695) and the concentration range from 3 to12 wt.%.
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