Optimization of Thermal Conductivity of NanoPCM-Based Graphene by Response Surface Methodology

Authors

  • Alireza Zendehboudi Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway
  • Navid Aslfattahi Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Saidur Rahman Department of Engineering, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YW, United Kingdom
  • Mohd Faizul Mohd Sabri Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Suhana Mohd Said Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • A. Arifutzzaman Research Center for Nano-Materials and Energy Technology (RCNMET), School of Science and Technology, Sunway University, Bandar Sunway, Petaling Jaya, 47500, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Nor Azwadi Che Sidik Malaysia – Japan International Institute of Technology (MJIIT), University Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra,54100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Keywords:

nanoPCM, response surface methodology, 2FI Model, thermal conductivity, desirability function

Abstract

Common phase change materials (PCMs) possess very low thermal conductivity whilst hybrid PCM with graphene filler could be produced to achieve increased thermal conductivity. This research focuses on the effects of graphene flakes on the thermal conductivity of a PCM (paraffin wax). Three experimental parameters at different levels of average lateral sizes of graphene flakes (4.5, 5 and 7?m), mass fractions (0.1, 0.2 and 0.25 wt.%), and rising temperatures (25-75°C) are considered. For the first time in the literature, the impact of various parameters on the thermal conductivity performance of the nanoPCM-based graphene nano-composites is investigated extensively by adopting response surface methodology supported by central composite design. Thermal conductivity prediction is proposed by a new general correlation and a promising value of the coefficient of determination (R2) higher than 0.88. Amongst the investigated various variables in terms of impact on thermal conductivity, the temperature is identified as the most influential parameter on response variables. According to the implemented optimization technique, for the composite with the average graphene flake size of 4.5 µm, the optimum value of the thermal conductivity is found 0.275 W/m K at the mass fraction of 0.186 wt.% and temperature of 69.73°C.

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Published

2021-01-06

How to Cite

Zendehboudi, A. ., Aslfattahi, N. ., Rahman, S. ., Mohd Sabri, . M. F. ., Mohd Said, S. ., Arifutzzaman, . A. ., & Che Sidik, N. A. . (2021). Optimization of Thermal Conductivity of NanoPCM-Based Graphene by Response Surface Methodology. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 75(3), 108–125. Retrieved from https://akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/3104

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