Improvement of a Flanged Diffuser Augmented Wind Turbine Performance by Modifying the Rotor Blade Aerodynamic Design
Keywords:wind energy harvesting, HAWT, DAWT, FDAWT
Shrouding of HAWT in a flanged diffuser is among techniques of wind power augmentation especially in urban areas. In this paper, a small scale of Flanged Diffuser Augmented Wind Turbine (FDAWT) was presented with flanges angle (?f) of 0°. The rotor fit for FDAWT was designed based on a modified blade element momentum theory, which adopts on developing the preliminary rotor blade geometry in terms of pitch angle. The modification of the blade pitch angle was based on the maximum wind speeds in the empty flanged diffuser at rotor position along the blade sections. The models of rotor and diffuser were fabricated and experimented in the wind tunnel. The experimental tests were conducted to calculate the power at a different wind velocity ranged 5 - 9 m/s. The performance tests were in terms of power coefficient, CP and torque coefficient, CQ as a function of the tip speed ratio as well as maximum power as a function of the wind velocity. The results show the rate of increase in the maximum power producing for the FDAWT with the modified rotor up to 291% more than what it is for the preliminary bare HAWT, while this increase was only 257% for FDAWT with the preliminary rotor.