Utilization of Oil Palm Biomass as a Renewable and Sustainable Energy Source in Aceh Province

Authors

  • Mahidin Mahidin Research Center for Environmental and Natural Resources, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Erdiwansyah Erdiwansyah Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Serambi Mekkah, Banda Aceh 23245, Indonesia
  • H. Husin Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Hisbullah Hisbullah Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • A. P. Hayati Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • M. Zhafran Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • M. A. Sidiq Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • A. Rinaldi Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • B. Fitria Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • R. Tarisma Department of Chemical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Hamdani Hamdani Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • M. R. Hani Doctoral Program in Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Maizirwan Mel Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Gombak 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Y. Bindar Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40116, Indonesia

Keywords:

oil palm, aspen plus, simulation, cogeneration, modelling

Abstract

Oil palm production can convert and produce biomass waste, which has high energy value. Oil palm biomass (OPB) that can be discarded includes empty fruit bunches, palm oil leaves, stems, palm kernel shells and mesocarp fibres. Palm oil mills can produce a variety of products, one of which is renewable and sustainable energy, especially for power plant generators. This research concentrated on biomass-based cogeneration plant modelling and simulation. The objective of this article was to develop unit processes and configurations, simulate and optimize the cogeneration process in Aspen Plus simulator using biomass such as EFB, PKS and OPF as fuel. Moreover, this simulation is carried out to find the constant value of the biomass flow rate and the airflow rate and to do some variations with different variables and scenarios. Simulation results have shown results that are appropriate for the biomass flow rate of 5 kg/s with an airflow rate of 58.5 kg/s. Recycle LP-Stream without utilizing stream exhaust which is simulated that the recycle value that can be charged is 20%. While recycle using the exhaust value that can be installed is 80%. The more recycles that are made with various variations show better results. Overall simulation results in this paper have reached a constant value.

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Published

2020-12-29

How to Cite

Mahidin, M., Erdiwansyah, E., Husin, H. ., Hisbullah, H., Hayati, A. P. ., Zhafran, M. ., Sidiq, M. A. ., Rinaldi, A. ., Fitria, B. ., Tarisma, R. ., Hamdani, H., Hani, M. R. ., Mel, M. ., & Bindar, Y. . (2020). Utilization of Oil Palm Biomass as a Renewable and Sustainable Energy Source in Aceh Province. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 67(2), 97–108. Retrieved from https://akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2857

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