Numerical Simulation of a Propeller-Type Turbine for In-Pipe Installation

Authors

  • Oscar Darío Monsalve Cifuentes Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechatronics and Electromechanics, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Robledo Campus, Calle 73 No. 76A-354, Vía al Volador, Medellín, Colombia
  • Jonathan Graciano Uribe Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechatronics and Electromechanics, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Robledo Campus, Calle 73 No. 76A-354, Vía al Volador, Medellín, Colombia
  • Diego Andrés Hincapié Zuluaga Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechatronics and Electromechanics, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Robledo Campus, Calle 73 No. 76A-354, Vía al Volador, Medellín, Colombia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.83.1.116

Keywords:

In-pipe turbines, Propeller, Savonius, Pico-hydropower, Numerical simulation, Computational Fluid Dynamics, CFD

Abstract

In this work, a 76 mm diameter propeller-type turbine is numerically investigated using a parametric study and computational fluid dynamics. The three-dimensional model of the turbine is modeled using data available in the bibliography. A mesh independence study is carried out utilizing a tetrahedron-based mesh with inflation layers around the turbine blade and the pipe wall. The best efficiency point is determined by the maximum hydraulic efficiency of 64.46 %, at a flow rate of 9.72x10-3 m3/s , a head drop of 1.76 m, and a mechanical power of 107.83 W. Additionally, the dimensionless distance y+, pressure, and velocity contours are shown.

References

Paish, Oliver. "Small hydro power: technology and current status." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 6, no. 6 (2002): 537-556. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1364-0321(02)00006-0

Carravetta, Armando, Oreste Fecarotta, Helena M. Ramos, Maria Mello, Juan Antonio Rodriguez-Diaz, Jorge Garcia Morillo, Kemi Adeyeye, Paul Coughlan, John Gallagher, and Aonghus McNabola. "Reducing the Energy Dependency of Water Networks in Irrigation, Public Drinking Water, and Process Industry: REDAWN Project." In Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute Proceedings, vol. 2, no. 11, p. 681. 2018. https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2110681

Morani, Maria Cristina, Armando Carravetta, Giuseppe Del Giudice, Aonghus McNabola, and Oreste Fecarotta. "A comparison of energy recovery by PATs against direct variable speed pumping in water distribution networks." Fluids 3, no. 2 (2018): 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids3020041

Fayzul, M., M. Fayzul K. Pasha, Matthew Weathers, and Brennan Smith. "Investigating Energy Flow in Water-Energy Storage for Hydropower Generation in Water Distribution Systems." Water Resources Management (2020): 1-14.

Dequesene, Jeanne, Anar Valimahamed, and Eric Bréjoux. Observatoire des services publics d'eau et d'assainissement. Panorama des services et de leur performance en 2016 (2016).

Dequesene, Jeanne, Anar Valimahamed, and Eric Bréjoux. Observatoire des services publics d'eau et d'assainissement. Panorama des services et de leur performance en 2017 (2017).

Ramos, H. M., M. Mello, and P. K. De. "Clean power in water supply systems as a sustainable solution: from planning to practical implementation." Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 10, no. 1 (2010): 39-49. https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2010.720

Sammartano, Vincenzo, Costanza Aricò, Armando Carravetta, Oreste Fecarotta, and Tullio Tucciarelli. "Banki-Michell optimal design by computational fluid dynamics testing and hydrodynamic analysis." Energies 6, no. 5 (2013): 2362-2385. https://doi.org/10.3390/en6052362

Saoutieff, Elise, Pierre Gasnier, Sébastien Boisseau, Javier Ojer-Aranguren, and Isabelle Rodot. "Performances of a cm-scale water flow energy harvester in real environment for autonomous flowmeters." In Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 1407, no. 1, p. 012074. IOP Publishing, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1407/1/012074

Schlabach, Roderic A., Mark Rydell Cosby, Edward J. Kurth, Igor Palley, and Greg Smith. "In-pipe hydro-electric power system and turbine." U.S. Patent 7,959,411, issued June 14, 2011.

Lucid Energy. "Lucidpipe Power System Case Study." Lucid Energy, Inc., 2013.

Lucid Energy. "Lucidpipe Power System Case Study." Lucid Energy, Inc., 2016.

Lee, Chang-Ryeol, Na-Yongkim, and Bong-Hwan Kim. "CFD analysis of a ducted spherical helical turbine for micro-hydropower." International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development (IJMPERD) 10, no. 1 (2020): 237-248.

Bachant, Peter, and Martin Wosnik. "Experimental investigation of helical cross-flow axis hydrokinetic turbines, including effects of waves and turbulence." In Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, vol. 44403, pp. 1895-1906. 2011. https://doi.org/10.1115/AJK2011-07020

Oladosu, Temidayo Lekan, and Olufemi Adebola Koya. "Numerical analysis of lift-based in-pipe turbine for predicting hydropower harnessing potential in selected water distribution networks for waterlines optimization." Engineering Science and Technology, An International Journal 21, no. 4 (2018): 672-678. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jestch.2018.05.016

Yeo, Honggu, Woochan Seok, Soyong Shin, Young Cheol Huh, Byung Chang Jung, Cheol-Soo Myung, and Shin Hyung Rhee. "Computational analysis of the performance of a vertical axis turbine in a water pipe." Energies 12, no. 20 (2019): 3998. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12203998

Yang, Wei, Yimin Hou, Huiting Jia, Benqing Liu, and Ruofu Xiao. "Lift-type and drag-type hydro turbine with vertical axis for power generation from water pipelines." Energy 188 (2019): 116070. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.116070

Langroudi, A. Tahadjodi, F. Zare Afifi, A. Heyrani Nobari, and A. F. Najafi. "Modeling and numerical investigation on multi-objective design improvement of a novel cross-flow lift-based turbine for in-pipe hydro energy harvesting applications." Energy Conversion and Management 203 (2020): 112233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2019.112233

Jiyun, Du, Yang Hongxing, Shen Zhicheng, and Guo Xiaodong. "Development of an inline vertical cross-flow turbine for hydropower harvesting in urban water supply pipes." Renewable Energy 127 (2018): 386-397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.04.070

Du, Jiyun, Zhicheng Shen, and Hongxing Yang. "Effects of different block designs on the performance of inline cross-flow turbines in urban water mains." Applied Energy 228 (2018): 97-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.06.079

Jiyun, Du, Shen Zhicheng, and Yang Hongxing. "Numerical study on the impact of runner inlet arc angle on the performance of inline cross-flow turbine used in urban water mains." Energy 158 (2018): 228-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.06.033

Chen, Jian, H. X. Yang, C. P. Liu, C. H. Lau, and M. Lo. "A novel vertical axis water turbine for power generation from water pipelines." Energy 54 (2013): 184-193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2013.01.064

Ma, Tao, Hongxing Yang, Xiaodong Guo, Chengzhi Lou, Zhicheng Shen, Jian Chen, and Jiyun Du. "Development of inline hydroelectric generation system from municipal water pipelines." Energy 144 (2018): 535-548. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.11.113

Hadi, Syamsul, Muhammad Sidiq, Dhimas Cahyo Anindito, Ari Prasetyo, Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija Tjahjana, and Rintis Hadiani. "Experimental study of the effects of blade twist on the performance of Savonius water turbine in water pipe." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 57, no. 2 (2019): 202-207.

Hadi, Syamsul, Hasnul Khuluqi, Dandun Mahesa Prabowoputra, Ari Prasetyo, Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija Tjahjana, and Ahmad Farkhan. "Performance of savonius horizontal axis water turbine in free flow vertical pipe as effect of blade overlap." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 58, no. 2 (2019): 219-223.

Ibrahim, Che Intan Hartini Che, and Aslam Abdullah. "Flow Topology around Low Reynolds Number Airfoils with Vortex Shedding." CFD Letters 12, no. 12 (2020): 85-103. https://doi.org/10.37934/cfdl.12.12.85103

Abobaker, Mostafa, Abdulhafid M. Elfaghi, and Sogair Addeep. "Numerical Study of Wind-Tunnel Wall Effects on Lift and Drag Characteristics of NACA 0012 Airfoil." CFD Letters 12, no. 11 (2020): 72-82. https://doi.org/10.37934/cfdl.12.11.7282

Payambarpour, S. Abdolkarim, Amir F. Najafi, and Franco Magagnato. "Investigation of Blade Number Effect on Hydraulic Performance of In-Pipe Hydro Savonius Turbine." International Journal of Rotating Machinery 2019 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/8394191

Payambarpour, S. Abdolkarim, and Amir F. Najafi. "Experimental and numerical investigations on a new developed Savonius turbine for in-pipe hydro application." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy 234, no. 2 (2020): 195-210. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957650919854583

Payambarpour, S. Abdolkarim, Amir F. Najafi, and Franco Magagnato. "Investigation of deflector geometry and turbine aspect ratio effect on 3D modified in-pipe hydro Savonius turbine: Parametric study." Renewable Energy 148 (2020): 44-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.12.002

Ryosuke, Sonohata, Fukutomi Junichiro, and Toru Shigemitsu Toru. "Study on contra-rotating small-sized axial flow hydro turbine." Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics 2012 (2012). https://doi.org/10.4236/ojfd.2012.24A039

Shigemitsu, Toru, Junichiro Fukutomi, and Ryosuke Sonohata. "Performance and internal flow of contra-rotating small hydro turbine." In Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, vol. 55553, p. V01BT12A002. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2013.

Shigemitsu, Toru, Yasutoshi Takeshima, Chihiro Tanaka, and Junichiro Fukutomi. "Influence of spoke geometry on performance and internal flow of contra-rotating small-sized hydroturbine." In Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, vol. 57213, p. V01AT22A002. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1115/AJKFluids2015-22116

Nan, Ding, Toru Shigemitsu, Shengdun Zhao, Tomofumi Ikebuchi, and Yasutoshi Takeshima. "Study on performance of contra-rotating small hydro-turbine with thinner blade and longer front hub." Renewable Energy 117 (2018): 184-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.10.046

Ramos, Helena M., Alexandre Borga, and Mariana Simão. "New design solutions for low-power energy production in water pipe systems." Water Science and Engineering 2, no. 4 (2009): 69-84.

Ramos, Helena M., Charlotte Teyssier, Irene Samora, and Anton J. Schleiss. "Energy recovery in SUDS towards smart water grids: A case study." Energy Policy 62 (2013): 463-472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.08.014

Ramos, Helena M., Mariana Simão, and A. Borga. "Experiments and CFD analyses for a new reaction microhydro propeller with five blades." Journal of Energy Engineering 139, no. 2 (2013): 109-117. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)EY.1943-7897.0000096

Samora, Irene, Vlad Hasmatuchi, Cécile Münch-Alligné, Mário J. Franca, Anton J. Schleiss, and Helena M. Ramos. "Experimental characterization of a five blade tubular propeller turbine for pipe inline installation." Renewable Energy 95 (2016): 356-366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2016.04.023

Nishi, Yasuyuki, Yutaka Kobayashi, Terumi Inagaki, and Norio Kikuchi. "The design method of axial flow runners focusing on axial flow velocity uniformization and its application to an ultra-small axial flow hydraulic turbine." International Journal of Rotating Machinery 2016 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/5390360

Nishi, Yasuyuki, Tomoyuki Kobori, Nozomi Mori, Terumi Inagaki, and Norio Kikuchi. "Study of the internal flow structure of an ultra-small axial flow hydraulic turbine." Renewable Energy 139 (2019): 1000-1011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.03.004

Alexander, K. V., E. P. Giddens, and A. M. Fuller. "Axial-flow turbines for low head microhydro systems." Renewable Energy 34, no. 1 (2009): 35-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2008.03.017

Yusuf, Siti Nurul Akmal, Yutaka Asako, Nor Azwadi Che Sidik, Saiful Bahri Mohamed, and Wan Mohd Arif Aziz Japar. "A Short Review on RANS Turbulence Models." CFD Letters 12, no. 11 (2020): 83-96. https://doi.org/10.37934/cfdl.12.11.8396

Ansys, C. F. X. "ANSYS CFX-solver theory guide." ANSYS CFX Release 15317 (2009): 724-746.

Ansys. "ANSYS Fluent User's Guide." ANSYS, Inc., 2013.

Cengel, Yunus A. Fluid Mechanics. Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2010.

Dixon, S. Larry, and Cesare Hall. Fluid mechanics and thermodynamics of turbomachinery. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013.

Downloads

Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Monsalve Cifuentes, O. D., Graciano Uribe, J., & Hincapié Zuluaga, D. A. . (2021). Numerical Simulation of a Propeller-Type Turbine for In-Pipe Installation. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 83(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.83.1.116

Issue

Section

Articles