Performance of Sludge Palm Oil Combustion Using Waste Oil Burner

Authors

  • Muhammad Ahmar Zuber Advance Vehicle System, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kampung Datuk Keramat, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Muhsin Ithnin Advance Vehicle System, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kampung Datuk Keramat, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Wira Jazair Yahya Advance Vehicle System, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kampung Datuk Keramat, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Danish Abd Wahab Advance Vehicle System, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kampung Datuk Keramat, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Azrin Ahmad Advance Vehicle System, Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, Kampung Datuk Keramat, 54100 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Keywords:

sludge palm oil, waste oil burner, flame, emission, waste to energy

Abstract

Sludge palm oil (SPO) is one of the wastes produced during the activity of palm oil milling process. The most common method to synthesise biodiesel from SPO is through a chemical process known as esterification and transesterification. The chemical process required additional cost and time. Hence this paper aims to evaluate the utilisation of SPO directly as fuel in burner system and compare with conventional diesel. The SPO studied contain free fatty acid (FFA) content about 30 %, density and viscosity at 0.982 g/cm3 and 67.76 mm2/s respectively which is higher than diesel. The maximum combustion temperature achieved was 869 °C lower than diesel, 891 °C. Lower CO, CO2 and NOx emission during combustion compare to diesel around 34 %, 6% and 90 % reduction respectively. The low combustion temperature, flame length and emission due to the high viscosity of SPO compare to diesel. Fuel spray and flow was affected by viscosity which lowers the combustibility and consumption of SPO. SPO show great properties and combustion performance as fuel for burner system and improvement can make it even better.

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Published

2020-12-01

How to Cite

Zuber, M. A. ., Ithnin, A. M. ., Yahya, W. J. ., Abd Wahab, A. D. ., & Ahmad, . M. A. . (2020). Performance of Sludge Palm Oil Combustion Using Waste Oil Burner. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 49(1), 55–61. Retrieved from https://akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2286

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