Numerical Study on Heat Transfer Performance Enhancement of Phase Change Material by Nanoparticles: A Review
Keywords:PCM, heat transfer, nanoparticles, nanofluid
Phase change material (PCM) can be considered as an ideal solution for thermal management challenges. Owning to the large amount of heat energy can be stored or released during the phase change process, PCM widely applied for thermal energy storage (TES), cooling system and thermal comfort purpose. Nevertheless, PCM posting relative low thermal conductivity is the issues that affect its performance. Improvement in thermal performance of PCM are widely studied by former researchers. In this paper, a review on the recent study of heat transfer performance enhancement of PCM is presented. Based on the overview, dispersion of nanoparticles into PCM able to improve the heat transfer performance of PCM but there may also cause little drawback in Latent heat. Lastly, some assumptions and governing equation that applied in the numerical investigation are presented.