The Effect of Hydrothermal Holding Time on The Characterization of Hydroxyapatite Synthesized from Green Mussel Shells

Authors

  • Rifky Ismail Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering. Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Sudarto No.13, Tembalang, Semarang, Jawa Tengah 50275, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Bagus Laroybafih Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering. Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Sudarto No.13, Tembalang, Semarang, Jawa Tengah 50275, Indonesia
  • Deni Fajar Fitriyana Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering. Universitas Negeri Semarang, Kampus Sekaran, Gunungpati, Semarang, 50229, Indonesia
  • Sri Nugroho Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering. Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Sudarto No.13, Tembalang, Semarang, Jawa Tengah 50275, Indonesia
  • Yanuar Iman Santoso Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Ahmad Jazilussurur Hakim Center for Biomechanics, Biomaterials, Biomechatronics, and Biosignal Processing (CBIOM3S), Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Mohammad Syahreza Al Mulqi Center for Biomechanics, Biomaterials, Biomechatronics, and Biosignal Processing (CBIOM3S), Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Athanasius Priharyoto Bayuseno Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering. Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Sudarto No.13, Tembalang, Semarang, Jawa Tengah 50275, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.80.1.8493

Keywords:

Hydroxyapatite, hydrothermal, green mussel shells, precipitated calcium carbonate

Abstract

Hydroxyapatite is generally utilized in medical fields especially as a substitute to bone and teeth. Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles have been succesfully synthesized from green mussel shells as a source of calcium carbonate by hydrothermal method. The green mussel shells were calcined, hydrated, and undergone carbonation to form Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC). The PCC of shells was then added with (NH4)2HPO4 with the mole ratio of Ca/P = 1.67. Hydrothermal reaction was carried out at 160oC with variations of the holding time (14, 16, and 18 hrs). The formation of hydroxyapatite was characterized using XRD and SEM-EDX. The XRD patterns showed that the products were hydroxyapatite crystals. The morphology of hydroxyapatite observed using SEM showed that the crystal uniformity of hydroxyapatite. The best result was obtained at 18 hrs holding time of hydrothermal because the hydroxyapatite produced has the highest purity without any impurities phase.

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Published

2021-02-02

How to Cite

Rifky Ismail, Laroybafih, M. B. ., Fitriyana, D. F. ., Sri Nugroho, Santoso, Y. I., Hakim, A. J., Al Mulqi, M. S. ., & Bayuseno, A. P. . (2021). The Effect of Hydrothermal Holding Time on The Characterization of Hydroxyapatite Synthesized from Green Mussel Shells. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 80(1), 84–93. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.80.1.8493

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