The Performance Simulation of The New R463A HFC/HFO/Carbon Dioxide Refrigerant with Lower GWP, As an Alternate Option for The R404A Refrigeration System
Keywords:Refrigeration system, Energy technology, R463A Refrigerant, Environmentally friendly
This study presents the performance simulation of the R463A that has been developed to be retrofitted to replace the R404A. The R463A is primarily composed of hydrofluorocarbons/hydrocarbon/carbon dioxide (HFCs/HCs/CO2). The R463A refrigerant (GWP=1494) is a non azeotropic mixture of R32 (36%), R125 (30%), R134a (14%), R1234yf (14%), and R744 (6%). It is composed of polyol ester oil (POE), and classified as a Class A1 incombustible and non-toxic refrigerant. The R463A has a higher cooling capacity (Qe) than the R404A, as it is composed of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) R32 and carbon dioxide (CO2) R744, and also has a lower global warming potential (GWP) than the R404A due to the hydrofluoroolefins (HFOs) by R1234yf. The properties of the R463A and R404A that uses the REFPROP and CYCLE_D-HX software, is in accordance to the CAN/ANSI/AHRI540 standard air-conditioning, heating, and refrigeration institute (AHRI). The normal boiling point of the R463A was found to be higher than the R404A by 23%, with a higher cooling capacity and a lower GWP value by 63% than the R404A. The critical pressure and temperature of the R463A was found to be higher than the R404A, i.e. it can be used in a high ambient temperature environment, and emits a higher refrigerant effect and heat reject with a lower global warming potential (GWP) than the R404A by 52%, due to its hydrofluoroolefins (HFOs) by R1234yf component. The COP of the R463A was found to be higher than the R404A by 10% under low temperature application.