Improving Energy Efficiency in Supermarkets by Retrofitting Low-E Glass Doors for Open Refrigeration Systems with Digital Semi Hermetic Compressor

Authors

  • Piyanut Saengsikhiao Energy Technology Program, Faculty of Engineering, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand
  • Juntakan Taweekun Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.82.1.145157

Keywords:

Refrigeration system, energy efficiency, Low-E glass doors, open refrigeration system, retrofitting, digital semi hermetic compressor

Abstract

This research will be presenting energy efficiency improvement options by retrofitting doors for open refrigeration systems in Central Thailand supermarkets that open during the daytime (06:00 am – 06:00 pm), and are closed during the night-time (00:00 am – 6:00 am). The materials and methods used consisted of 15 open refrigeration cabinets with 82 retrofitted doors supported by 41 frames, with the temperature set at medium. The power consumption was indicated in kW, kWh through a power meter data logger for analysis and summarization. The investment required was €21,694 /store, while the payback period of this research was determined to be at 14 months. The cost of energy savings was found to be within a period of 1.1 years, at the rate of 192,220 kWh/year or €18,503 annually. The retrofitted doors is expected to reduce the cooling load and over-burdening of the compressor. The research found that the most viable solution was to use a digital semi-hermetic compressor that can operate in unload and full load status, that was being controlled by the evaporator temperature (TEV) which was set at -10 degree, the condenser temperature (TCD) set at 38 degrees, and the superheat temperature (TSH) at 10 degrees. In the unload status, the power consumption of the digital semi hermetic compressor will decrease by 50%, which has a significant impact for energy savings and is important for night-time when low cooling load is required whereby the compressor’s multiple start–stop cycles are not required. The investment for a digital semi-hermetic compressor was determined to be €7,800/store, and is able to yield energy savings of up to 26,890 kWh/year, or €2,589 annually, with a payback period of 2.9 years.

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Published

2021-04-20

How to Cite

Saengsikhiao, P., & Taweekun, J. . (2021). Improving Energy Efficiency in Supermarkets by Retrofitting Low-E Glass Doors for Open Refrigeration Systems with Digital Semi Hermetic Compressor. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 82(1), 145–157. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.82.1.145157

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