Analysis of the Effect of Phase Change Material on Indoor Temperature in Subtropical Climate Region

Authors

  • Muhammad Ali US Pakistan Centerfor Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakista
  • Ghaniur Rehman Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Khurshid Ahmad US Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Sajjad Wali Khan Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Irfan Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Asmat Ullah Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Khan Shahzada Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/stve.1.1.111

Keywords:

Phase Change Material, Subtropical climate, Buildings, Thermal comfort, Thermal Performance

Abstract

Efficient use of energy is a need of time. The extravagant use of energy has caused depletion of energy resources which has raised concerns in scientific community. Past studies revealed that among differentapplications that consume energy, buildings are the major consumers of energy. In some countries, 50% of the total energy is consumed by buildings. Most of energy in buildings is used for heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) purpose. One of the methods to conserve energy and reduce the amount of energy required for HVAC purposes is modification in building envelope. Incorporation of phase change materials (PCM) in building envelope is one of such modifications. This paper reports the analysis of the use of PCM in prototype residential building. The results suggested that PCM can store considerable heat while undergoing phase change. This was shown by very stable indoor temperatures over 24 hours. A maximum of 2°C temperature variation was recorded in the room with PCM incorporated in walls and slab. While the variation of temperature over the day and night for a reference room without PCM was 7°C to 8°C. This suggested that PCM can be helpful in shifting the peak load hours.

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Published

2020-06-01

How to Cite

Ali, M., Rehman, G., Ahmad, K., Khan, S. W., Irfan, M., Ullah, A., & Shahzada, K. (2020). Analysis of the Effect of Phase Change Material on Indoor Temperature in Subtropical Climate Region. International Journal of Solar Thermal Vacuum Engineering, 1(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.37934/stve.1.1.111

Issue

Section

Research Articles