# MHD Slip Flow and Heat Transfer on Stagnation Point of a Magnetite (Fe3O4 ) Ferrofluid towards a Stretching Sheet with Newtonian Heating

## Authors

• Muhammad Khairul Anuar Mohamed School of Foundation and Inter Disciplinary Studies, DRB-HICOM University of Automotive Malaysia, Peramu Jaya Industrial Area, 26607 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
• Nurul Ainn Ismail School of Foundation and Inter Disciplinary Studies, DRB-HICOM University of Automotive Malaysia, Peramu Jaya Industrial Area, 26607 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
• Norhamizah Hashim School of Foundation and Inter Disciplinary Studies, DRB-HICOM University of Automotive Malaysia, Peramu Jaya Industrial Area, 26607 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
• Norlianah Mohd Shah School of Foundation and Inter Disciplinary Studies, DRB-HICOM University of Automotive Malaysia, Peramu Jaya Industrial Area, 26607 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
• Mohd Zuki Salleh Applied & Industrial Mathematics Research Group, Faculty of Industrial Sciences & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26300 Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

## Keywords:

ferrofluid, MHD, Newtonian heating, slip flow, stagnation point, stretching sheet

## Abstract

Present paper investigates the flow and heat transfer of Magnetite (Fe3O4) water based nanofluid termed as ferrofluid on stagnation point past a stretching sheet with slip effect. The methodology starts with transforming the non-linear partial differential equations that governed the model to ordinary differential equations, then solved numerically by Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg (RKF45) method in Maple software. The influenced and characteristics of pertinent parameters which are the stretching parameter, magnetic parameter, velocity slip parameter and solid volume fraction for nanofluid are analyzed and discussed. It was found that the magnetite (Fe3O4) ferrofluid provided higher wall temperature and heat transfer capabilities compared to water. Meanwhile, the presence of slip effect had minimized the skin friction coefficient.

2021-01-16

## How to Cite

Mohamed, M. K. A. ., Ismail, N. A. ., Hashim, N. ., Mohd Shah, N. ., & Salleh, M. Z. . (2021). MHD Slip Flow and Heat Transfer on Stagnation Point of a Magnetite (Fe3O4 ) Ferrofluid towards a Stretching Sheet with Newtonian Heating. CFD Letters, 11(1), 17–27. Retrieved from https://akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/cfdl/article/view/3107
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