Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristic of Inclined Oval Trench Dimples With Numerical Simulation
Keywords:Oval-trench dimples, inclined angle, heat transfer enhancement, CFD
In this work, flow and heat transfer in a channel having oval trench dimples were investigated numerically. 3-D channel flow with a cross-section of 300-mm width and 32-mm height were created using Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) with ANSYS, Fluent (V.15.0). Five oval trench dimples with 3-mm depth, 10.0-mm width and 45-mm length arranging with a single row and in-line configuration were located on the bottom surface of the channel. Reynolds number based on hydraulic diameter of the channel were fixed at Re=20,000 whereas a dimple inclined angle defined as the angle of dimple centreline to the mainstream was varied at 0, 15, 30 and 45 degrees. SST turbulent model was used to solve governing Equations. The result show that longitudinal vortex flow occurred at ?=15° to 45° which would be enhance heat transfer on the surface. When inclined angle became larger, the areas of Nusselt number and high total pressure coefficient took place at dimple edge in +Z direction. The peak of average spanwise Nusselt numbers took place for the case of ?=45°. Moreover, the area of high spanwise average Nusselt numbers (>100) for the case ?=30° was the largest.