MHD Mixed Convection Flow and Heat Transfer of a Dual Stratified Micropolar Fluid Over a Vertical Stretching/ Shrinking Sheet With Suction, Chemical Reaction and Heat Source
Keywords:Double stratified, micropolar fluid, stretching/shrinking sheet, chemical reaction, heat source
The purpose of this study was to investigate the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) mixed convection flow and heat transfer of a dual stratified micropolar fluid over a vertical permeable stretching/ shrinking sheet with chemical reaction and heat source. The governing nonlinear partial differential equations are reduced into a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations using an appropriate similarity transformation. Then, the obtained ordinary differential equations are solved numerically using the boundary value problem solver (bvp4c) in MATLAB software. The numerical results are tabulated and plotted for the heat transfer characteristics, namely, the skin friction coefficient, the local Nusselt number, the local Sherwood number as well as the velocity, temperature and concentration profiles for some values of the governing parameters. The present numerical results also have been compared with the previous reported results for a particular case and the comparisons are found to be in an excellent agreement. The results indicate that the skin friction coefficient and the local Nusselt number increase with chemical reaction and heat source. The magnitude of the local Sherwood number increases with the increasing of chemical reaction parameter. However, the magnitude of the local Sherwood number decreases with heat source effect.