Conceptual Design and Structure Analysis of Giromill Vertical Axis Wind Turbine under Low Wind Speed
Keywords:giromill blade, low wind speed, Pugh method, topology optimization
Unstable wind speed in Malaysia has been a problem for the wind turbine. Vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) that is placed on the ground causes unnecessary stress and hinder it to perform at maximum performance. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the behavior of VAWT at different wind speed. The conceptual design was generated by using the pugh method. Then the structure of the blade was analyzed in terms of displacement and von Mises stress, followed by topology optimization. Results show that peak stress for both forces applied and pressure applied was located at the center where maximum displacement is about 5.43x10-6m while the maximum value of von Mises stress is about 0.9763Mpa at the edge of the blade and 0.6641MPa when pressure is distributed uniformly. Based on topology optimization, the blade area can still be reduced at the top and bottom part.